A multi-partner project that seeks to provide new theoretical insights and empirical evidence on how various forms of trust shape the relationship between economic inequality and governance.
We survey selected parts of the growing literature on the microeconomics of violent conflict, identifying where academic research has started to establish stylized facts and where methodological and knowledge gaps remain.
The project conducts a data gap analysis for SDG 16 in Uganda. It comprises a technical analysis of national data sources to identify data gaps at the indicator level, mapping existing processes of data generation, and suggesting recommendations to close the data gaps.
At least 350 million young people living in rural areas are exposed to conflict each year. Despite the disproportionate levels of exposure to violence this implies, surprisingly little is known about how rural young people experience conflict, and in turn, about the programmes that can help to mitigate associated adversities.
Lea Ellmanns is a Junior Researcher at ISDC. Lea’s varied research interests include conflict and peacebuilding, post-conflict stabilisation, global health security, as well as the law of armed conflict. Geographically, her interests lie in Asia and the Middle East. At ISDC, she is working on the “Financing Peace Processes” project, implemented jointly with Swisspeace. Previously, […]
New publication on the effects of conflict on fertility by Kati Kraehnert, Tilman Brück, Michele Di Maio and Roberto Nisticò has been published in Demography. This paper analyzes the fertility effects of the 1994 genocide in Rwanda. Results indicate the genocide had heterogeneous effects on fertility, depending on the type of violence experienced by the woman, […]
We explore the micro-foundations of fragility by discussing how to measure the exposure to fragility at the individual level.
A recent strand of aid programming aims to develop household assets by removing the stresses associated with meeting basic nutritional needs. In this paper, we posit that such nutrition-sensitive programmes can reduce malnourishment by encouraging further investment in diet.
This paper explores the long-term impact of individual exposure to ‘wartime governance’ on social and political behavior.
Determinants and Dynamics of Forced Migration to Europe: Evidence from a 3-D Model of Flows and Stocks
Violent conflict is a well-recognised driver of forced migration but literature does not usually consider the pull factors that might also cause irregular movements. In turn, the decision to leave and of where to go are rarely considered separately. This is in contrast to literature on regular international migration, which considers both push and pull […]
Over $10bn has been spent on programmes that assume that building employment also builds peace. We show that while there are good reasons to think this money is not spent fruitlessly, there remains a structural lack of empirical confirmation of these theories.
The effects of violent conflict on household resilience and food security: Evidence from the 2014 Gaza conflict
This paper studies how conflict affects household resilience capacity and food security, drawing on panel data collected from households in Palestine before and after the 2014 Gaza conflict.
In our brief review, we take stock of the emergence, in the last decade, of the “microeconomics of violent conflict” as a new subfield of empirical development economics.
In the last 15 years, civil conflict has gradually become an important subject of study for empirical economists. As a result, conflict research has adopted many empirical methods from mainstream economics. Furthermore, there is now a broad consensus that violent political conflict and economic development are intertwined, and a fast-growing literature studies this relationship with micro-data. At the same time, applied research on conflict is increasingly embracing new empirical methods, such as RCTs, geospatial analysis using high-resolution satellite imagery, machine learning methods, big data applications, and the large-scale digitization of archival resources. Each of these research tools has strengths and limitations and is the subject of ongoing methodological debates.
In the last 15 years, civil conflict has gradually become an important subject of study for empirical economists. As a result, conflict research has adopted many empirical methods from mainstream economics. There is now a broad consensus that violent political conflict and economic development are intertwined, and a fast-growing literature studies this relationship with micro-data. Applied research on conflict is increasingly embracing new empirical methods, such as RCTs, geospatial analysis using high-resolution satellite imagery, machine learning methods, big data applications, and the large-scale digitization of archival resources.
This evaluation estimates the impact of a school-based peacebuilding educational training programme called LivingSideBySide’ (LSBS) implemented in 2014 and 2015 in southern Kyrgyzstan.
Endline analysis of FAO Northeast Nigeria Resilience Programme show significant improvements in food security particularly to IDPs and households living under extreme violent conflict, underscoring the significant of developmental interventions in protracted crises.
Drivers of Resilience and Food Security in North-east Nigeria: Learning from Micro Data in an Emergency Setting
Endline analysis of FAO Northeast Nigeria Resilience Programme show significant improvements in food security particularly to IDPs and households living under extreme violent conflict, underscoring the significance of developmental interventions in protracted crises.
Food insecurity and violent conflict are global challenges and causally linked to each other in many ways. We provide a brief survey over key themes in the quantitative literature on this nexus. We focus on the micro-level, the role of conflict type, heterogeneity, resilience, and humanitarian crises. Little is known about how to design effective policies to help households escape combined conflict-hunger traps. Finally, better data at the micro-level will provide a large boost to much needed research in this field.
Peacebuilding assistance and security sector assistance both aim at the same outcome – reductions in political violence. In this exploratory article, we show only the former has its desired impact, with security sector support apparently acting to increase violence.