This paper studies how conflict affects household resilience capacity and food security, drawing on panel data collected from households in Palestine before and after the 2014 Gaza conflict.
In our brief review, we take stock of the emergence, in the last decade, of the “microeconomics of violent conflict” as a new subfield of empirical development economics.
In the last 15 years, civil conflict has gradually become an important subject of study for empirical economists. As a result, conflict research has adopted many empirical methods from mainstream economics. Furthermore, there is now a broad consensus that violent political conflict and economic development are intertwined, and a fast-growing literature studies this relationship with micro-data. At the same time, applied research on conflict is increasingly embracing new empirical methods, such as RCTs, geospatial analysis using high-resolution satellite imagery, machine learning methods, big data applications, and the large-scale digitization of archival resources. Each of these research tools has strengths and limitations and is the subject of ongoing methodological debates.
In the last 15 years, civil conflict has gradually become an important subject of study for empirical economists. As a result, conflict research has adopted many empirical methods from mainstream economics. There is now a broad consensus that violent political conflict and economic development are intertwined, and a fast-growing literature studies this relationship with micro-data. Applied research on conflict is increasingly embracing new empirical methods, such as RCTs, geospatial analysis using high-resolution satellite imagery, machine learning methods, big data applications, and the large-scale digitization of archival resources.
This evaluation estimates the impact of a school-based peacebuilding educational training programme called LivingSideBySide’ (LSBS) implemented in 2014 and 2015 in southern Kyrgyzstan.
Endline analysis of FAO Northeast Nigeria Resilience Programme show significant improvements in food security particularly to IDPs and households living under extreme violent conflict, underscoring the significant of developmental interventions in protracted crises.
Drivers of Resilience and Food Security in North-east Nigeria: Learning from Micro Data in an Emergency Setting
Endline analysis of FAO Northeast Nigeria Resilience Programme show significant improvements in food security particularly to IDPs and households living under extreme violent conflict, underscoring the significance of developmental interventions in protracted crises.
Food insecurity and violent conflict are global challenges and causally linked to each other in many ways. We provide a brief survey over key themes in the quantitative literature on this nexus. We focus on the micro-level, the role of conflict type, heterogeneity, resilience, and humanitarian crises. Little is known about how to design effective policies to help households escape combined conflict-hunger traps. Finally, better data at the micro-level will provide a large boost to much needed research in this field.
Peacebuilding assistance and security sector assistance both aim at the same outcome – reductions in political violence. In this exploratory article, we show only the former has its desired impact, with security sector support apparently acting to increase violence.
Jobs Aid Peace: Review of the Theory and Practice of the Impact of Employment Programmes on Peace in Fragile and Conflict-affected Countries
Over $10bn has been spent on programmes that assume that building employment also builds peace. We show that while there are good reasons to think this money is not spent fruitlessly, there remains a structural lack of empirical confirmation of these theories.
The Relationships between Food Security and Violent Conflict. A Report to the Food and Agriculture Organization
This report provides an in-depth review of the literature on food security and conflict, bringing together multiple streams of research and setting up an analytic framework of food security and conflict as well as econometric and statistical analyses of food security and violent conflict across different degrees of disaggregation.
Money can’t buy love but can it buy peace? Evidence from the EU Programme for Peace and Reconciliation (PEACE II)
While randomisation is often eschewed in bottom-up peacebuilding contexts in favour of more targeted programming, there is no guarantee that targeted spending gets to those who need it most. In this article, we discuss the apparent failure of one such targeted rollout – that of the PEACE II programmes in Ireland.
A short- and medium-term impact evaluation of Mercy Corps’ DSH-ARC funded TVET programs for host and displaced communities in Lebanon and Syria, with the dual focus on boosting the employment prospects and improving intergroup perceptions of program beneficiaries.
A World Bank multi-regional training in the use and integration of the Conflict Exposure Module (CEM) in national household surveys. ISDC conducts intensive trainings for statistical agencies of over 30 countries from MENA, SSA, and Eastern Europe.
This project provides new evidence and recommendations from North-east Nigeria for food security interventions in conflict-affected settings. The findings are based on a review of relevant linkages food security and conflict and an empirical impact analysis of an agricultural input intervention by FAO.
An empirical analysis of the differential impacts of military and civilian peacebuilding assistance, and associated return on investment.
This seed project brings together members of Mercy Corps field teams with ISDC researchers to generate jointly a research design for an impact evaluation of employment for peacebuilding programs in the Middle East.
Does Opportunity Reduce Instability? A Meta-Analysis of Skills and Employment Interventions in LMICs
The idea that employment can build peace underpins over USD 10bn of development spending in fragile countries. By contrast, the evidence base that employment programming delivers on this promise is scant. In this project, we aim to close some of the knowledge gaps inherent within this delineation.
In this project we develop and test a new method to collect high-quality violence and peace event data using the “crowdseeding” approach.
Dr Philipp Schröder is a Research Affiliate with ISDC and a lecturer at the Department of Social and Cultural Anthropology, University of Freiburg. His current research project focuses on the ethnography of trade and translocal livelihoods in Eurasia, in particular Kyrgyzstan, Russia and China. Previously, Philipp was a member of the research group on ‘Integration […]