Displacement trends show that developing countries host most of the world’s refugees and are dealing with displacement that lasts longer today than in the past. UNHCR sees an opportunity to improve outcomes for both refugees and host communities by combining humanitarian and development strategies. In most cases, increased humanitarian-development cooperation had primarily positive effects on […]
The Double Burden of Female Protracted Displacement: Survey Evidence on Gendered Livelihoods in El Fasher, Darfur
During protracted displacement, women and girls often face serious gender-specific challenges and vulnerabilities, including adverse norms and institutional barriers. Yet, quantitative evidence on gendered drivers and differentials during protracted displacement remains scarce. Using survey data from 18,533 displaced and non-displaced individuals in El Fasher, Sudan, this paper documents that livelihood outcomes are significantly shaped by […]
The resettlement of refugees in new regions has long been linked with the onset of social tensions and potential conflict, both between hosts and refugees and between hosts and their national governments. Naturally, attention turns to what might be able to reduce or minimize these risks. In this project, we study the impact of a […]
There is great potential that peace can be supported and built through economic development programming, such as those that support employment. At the same time, case-study evidence on whether such links materialise in the real world are scarce. Work to date is insufficient to show a conclusive pattern that definitively links these programmatic inputs to […]
Lame Ungwang is a Researcher at ISDC and a Doctoral Fellow of the International Max Planck Research Group (IMPRS) on Uncertainty and the Economics Department at University of Jena. She is currently working on evaluating strategies utilized by the UN Peacebuilding Fund (PBF), specifically in Mali, Sudan and Guatemala. Broadly speaking, Lame’s research revolves around […]
Ana Karalashvili is a Research Assistant in the Peacebuilding Program with the emphasis on quantitative and qualitative data analysis. Her further research interests include comparative welfare research, socio-economic inequalities, and life-course analysis. Previously, she has worked as a research assistant at the Center for East European and International Studies (ZOiS) in Berlin as well as […]
The Institute of Public Policy and Administration of the University of Central Asia (UCA), the Leibniz Institute of Vegetable and Ornamental Crops (IGZ), and ISDC – International Security and Development Center invite submission of proposals for sessions and individual research papers for the 7th Annual ‘Life in Kyrgyzstan’ Conference, to be held online during October 26-28, 2021. The conference […]
When it comes to considering whether or not employment programmes can build stability, there are three things that it is important to bring to any debate. First, not only is any virtuous circle a nice idea in and of itself but there are really good reasons, theoretically, to believe that jobs interventions can build stability. […]
In the last decade, well over $10 billion has been spent on employment programs designed to contribute to peace and stability. Despite the outlay, whether these programs perform, and how they do so, remain open questions. This study conducts three reviews to derive the status quo of knowledge. First, it draws on academic literature on […]
Six findings from six months of Life with Corona, a global research project to collect real-time data on the social and economic impacts of COVID-19. Key findings of the report include: Young adults actively perform many behaviours to counter the pandemic. Stress on families during the pandemic fall disproportionately on women who live with more […]
The Micro-level Analysis of the Impact of Violent Conflict on Lives and Livelihoods in the MENA Region
The MENA region is characterized by several interrelated socio-economic trends including rapidly growing populations, on average high degrees of (youth) unemployment, strong gender differences in terms of labor market participation, and political radicalization. The countries in the region often have weak and/or authoritarian central government institutions, declining public revenues from natural resources except in a […]
Dr. Rebecca J. Wolfe is a Research Affiliate at ISDC. She is a lecturer at the Harris School for Public Policy at the University of Chicago, where she is an associate at the Pearson Institute for the Study and Resolution of Global Conflicts. She is a leading expert on political violence, conflict and violent extremism. […]
This study presents an in-depth analysis of the sector reforms needed to enable the Kyrgyz Republic to achieve higher and more sustainable economic growth. Dr Damir Esenaliev of ISDC has co-authored the chapter titled on Human Resources for Inclusive Growth.
A common finding of the migration literature is that migrants are more likely to choose self-employment upon return to their origin countries than non-migrants. This has led to the belief that return migration stimulates entrepreneurship in source countries and hence supports economic development. In this paper, we test these assertions, drawing on the Life in […]
New Publication on Gender Earnings Inequality and Wage Policy in Kyrgyzstan published in Comparative Economic Studies
New paper by Damir Esenaliev and Kathryn H. Anderson on gender earnings inequality and wage policy in Kyrgyzstan has been published in Comparative Economic Studies. The findings show that the policy reform conducted in 2011 to increase the wages for teachers, health and social workers not only reduced wage gap in these sectors compared to non-reformed sectors, but also had a pronounced gender gap narrowing effect in the reform sectors and economy-wide.
Gender Earnings Inequality and Wage Policy: Teachers, Health Care, and Social Workers in Central Asia
The policy reform conducted in 2011 in Kyrgyzstan to increase the wages for teachers, health and social workers not only reduced wage gap in these sectors compared to non-reformed sectors, but also had a pronounced gender gap narrowing effect in the reform sectors and economy-wide.
We link employment to stability in five African countries to test if standard interventions influence complex outcomes. We show positive impacts on some indicators but negative externalities also arise. There are, thus, grounds for optimism but further work is required.
Call for Papers and Sessions is open for the 5th Annual ‘Life in Kyrgyzstan’ Conference that will be held in Bishkek on 23-24 October 2019. The deadline is 16 June 2019.
Wim Naudé is Research Affiliate at ISDC, Visiting Professor at RWTH Aachen University and Research Fellow at the IZA Institute of Labor Economics, in Germany. He is also a Fellow at the Africa Study Centre at the University of Leiden, and a Full Professor atthe Maastricht School of Management, both in the Netherlands. His research […]
Over $10bn has been spent on programmes that assume that building employment also builds peace. We show that while there are good reasons to think this money is not spent fruitlessly, there remains a structural lack of empirical confirmation of these theories.